Then there are five very significant points of convergence between the beliefs of the Christians and those of the Muslims. These are briefly described thus:
THE ASCENSION: Both the Christians and the Muslims agree that Jesus Christ forcefully and incisively called upon his fellow Israelites to mend their perverted ways, to give up sinful and unethical practices, to repent with the true spirit of repentance, and to purify themselves from all spiritual and moral corruption. He severely criticized the pretentious religiosity, the emphasis on hollow but legally spotless rituals, and the servile adherence to the letter of the law with no regard to its spirit -- the hallmark of the religious establishment of his time (see Mathew 23, and the Holy Qur’an Al-Maida 5:78). As a result, he was made a target of hatred and malevolence from the rabbis, the priests, and the Pharisees. The message and proclamation of Jesus Christ (Peace be upon them) attracted the attention of the population both in and around Jerusalem, but it was accepted only by a very minute section of the Jews, of which even fewer became his dedicated companions. The number of these close comrades, according to the Gospels, was twelve, although matter of their names is controversial.
The enjoyed complete religious freedom under the Roman rule, and it was their religious court, Sanhedrin, which convicted Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon them) of blasphemy and apostasy and demanded the Roman governor to carry out the death sentence by way of crucifixion. The Gospels and the Holy Qur’an both agree that the Jews were fully responsible for this wicked and shameful act. Again, both the Christians and the Muslims are unanimous that Jesus Christ was raised up alive from the earth into the heavens. This has been mentioned in the Gospels of Matthew (28:6,7), Mark (16:19), Luke (24:510, and John (20:17), as well as in the Holy Qur’an (An-Nisa 4:157, 158). The allusions of the Qur’anic verses are explained, clearly and categorically, in the traditions of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon them). The only difference here is that, whereas the Christians believe that Jesus was raised up after his death on the cross and following a miraculous resurrection, the Muslims believe that Jesus Christ was never crucified at all, but that he was raised up into the heavens before being arrested by the Roman soldiers. The doctrine of “Ascension” is, therefore, common to the followers of both Christianity and Islam, though obviously the Jews would never accept this.