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Wednesday, 1 July 2015

No Superiority of a Component Over Another - Mankind and Satan



No Superiority of a Component Over Another

Satan by his ingratitude and arrogance made the component of creation the pretext of claiming superiority. As such his pride made him think and he believed himself the one superior. He forgot that all these privileges are not self-given; gifts he did not attain by himself, but Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, is the One Who placed all these properties in the substance from which the jinn are created. Had not Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, originated these properties in the creatures from fire, they would not have existed. Each component has its role and none is superior over the other, for fire has its mission and clay as well and neither can perform the role of the other, for you cannot plant in fire.   

Thus, excellence should not be ascribed to the component from which Satan was created but to The Originator of these specifications in the fire element. Whenever Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, decides, He can easily remove all these factors from fire and Satan become the most abject creature of Allah.

This was the first step in the capital sin of pride and arrogance committed by Satan, for he ascribed the favor to himself, of being created from a component higher than clay, which is fire, exactly as Qârûn (Korah) did as relates to us the Noble Qur’an what means:

“He said, ‘I was only given it because of knowledge I have.’” (Al-Qasas, 28: 78)
 
And his punishment was that Allah caused the earth to swallow him and his dwelling. Satan tenaciously persisted in sin as relates to us the Noble Qur’an what means:

“[Satan] said, ‘Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path.’” (Al-A‘râf, 7: 16)

Here we must pause a little to contemplate the words of Satan: “Because You have put me in error” , by it Satan wants to impute his straying into wrong to Almighty Allah. Satan wants to blame Allah for his sin. And we say: “No, our Lord did not send you astray, for the Truth, all praise and glory is to Him, only guides and never sends astray.”

Satan deserved straying into wrong because of what his hands have earned (by his guilt). Pride filled his soul and he imagined that what he possesses, be it excellence of the elements of his creation or his knowledge, are self-given; thus Allah left him to his pride and Satan strayed from the right path. Satan started evil, therefore he deserved that Allah should desert him to his unjust self and his arrogance and thus infidelity arouse. Allah, Whose Majesty reigns supreme, says in the Noble Qur’an what means:

 “And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.” (Al-Mâ’idah, 5: 108)

And the Saying of The Most Exalted which means:

“Indeed, Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.” (Al-Mâ’idah, 5: 67) 

Satan has rebelled and disbelieved; rebelled by disobeying the Command of Allah regarding prostration. Al-Fasuq in Arabic means detachment from the Divine Law. Fasqat is used to describe the dates when they are ripe. When the fruits of date palm are red their peel is stuck to the fruits and it cannot be peeled off, but when ripe the peel is detached from the fruit and it can be easily peeled off. Therefore, in Arabic we say “the dates fasqat” meaning the peel became detached from the fruit. Thus, Fasuq is detachment from the Law. Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, informs us that Satan fasq and disbelieved, in the Ayah saying what means:

“And they prostrated, except for Iblees (Satan). He was of the jinn and departed Lord.” (Al-Kahf, 18: 50)

Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, abandoned Satan to himself, thus Satan went astray and fell into sin and infidelity. Allah treats no one with injustice, but injustice is from oneself. When the creature wrongs himself and follows the path of disbelief, Allah leaves him to the path he has chosen. Since he has preferred ingratitude, infidelity and denial, Allah is All-Rich (Free of all wants) and stands in no need of him, because Allah is superbly beyond need of any of His creatures.






Wednesday, 24 June 2015

The Reality of Satan - Mankind and Satan



The Reality of Satan

Now we shall resume our talk about who is Satan. Satan was from the jinn and not from the angels, because angels never disobey the Commands they receive from Allah and secondly because the jinn has a free will exactly like mankind.
  
Some scholars classify the creatures who have free choice into three classes: devils, jinn and mankind. We say to them that this is a wrong division because the only two classes that have the power of free choice from among the creatures of Allah are jinn and mankind alone. Concerning this, Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, says in Surah Ar-Rahmân what means: 

“We shall attend to you, O you two classes (jinn and men)!” (Ar-Rahmân, 55: 31)

We also read in Surah Al-Jinn the Saying of The Most Exalted, which means:

 “And among us are Muslims [in submission to Allah], and among us are the unjust. And whoever has become Muslim – those have sought out the right course. But as for the unjust, they will be, for Hell, firewood.” (Al-Jinn, 72: 14-15)

Thus, we can see that among the jinn are those who are righteous and also those who are rebels against Allah’s Command, and that the rebellious among the jinn are called devils. Therefore, regarding what is said about a third or fourth class other than those that Allah has informed us about we say to them “No”, there is only jinn and mankind who are free to choose, just as Allah has declared. 

Thus, Satan is from the jinn, he disobeyed Allah’s Command of prostrating to Adam. About this incident the Noble Qur’an relates what means: 

“And they prostrated, except for Iblees (Satan). He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord.” (Al-Kahf, 18: 50)

This was Satan’s sin: refusal of submission to the Command of Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, and prostration before Adam. But was Satan’s rebellion against Allah’s Command just negligence or a guilt that he regretted afterwards? Or was his rebellion born out of the arrogance and pride that swelled within his inner self and heart?

Satan’s sin was pride, arrogance and tenacious persistence in sin. Because of his conceit and pride he rejected the Command of The King, Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, as the Noble Qur’an relates to us what means:

“He said, ‘Should I prostrate to one You created from clay?’” (Al-Isrâ’, 17: 61)
   
Satan also said as the Noble Qur’an relates what means:

“[Satan] said, ‘I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.’” (Al-A‘râf, 7: 12)

As though Satan rejected the Command, saying: How do You want me to prostrate myself to a human created from clay when I am created from fire. He wants to justify his disobedience and rebellion by claiming that fire is a component higher than mud, because it possesses transparency and that creatures from fire excel those created from clay in many things. They are endowed with fast movement, agility and are invisible, for humans cannot see the jinn. They can also ascend to high altitudes, traverse walls and enter closed places which men cannot.







Wednesday, 17 June 2015

Beginning of Sin - Mankind and Satan



Beginning of Sin
So, worshipping Allah is to obey His Commands and disobeying His Commands is sin and vice, and is surely the way to disbelief, Allah forbid. Hence, worship is the obedience of the creature to the Commands of his Creator. Satan disobeyed the Command of Allah so there is no longer worship, but sin and disbelief.
  
Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, relates in the Noble Qur’an the beginning of Satan’s rebellion, saying what means:

 “And [mention] when We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate before Adam’; so they prostrated, except for Iblees (Satan). He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers.” (Al-Baqarah, 2: 34)

That was the beginning of sin; the beginning of Satan’s denial and infidelity was his rejection of the Command of Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, by refusing to prostrate himself to Adam. Indeed, Satan did not refuse to prostrate to other than Allah, but he refused to prostrate himself to the Command of Allah and that is the difference. For truly the rejection of any Command of Allah is sin and infidelity.

But still some people claim that the Command here was given to the angels and not to Satan, so how does Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, hold Adam accountable for a Command not given to him?

We answer by saying that though Satan was from the jinn he also refused to obey the Command. Concerning that Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, says what means:

 “And they prostrated, except for Iblees (Satan). He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord.” (Al-Kahf, 18: 50)

Also the Ayah in which Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, addresses Satan saying what means:

 “[Allah] said, ‘What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you?’ [Satan] said, ‘I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.’” (Al-A‘râf, 7: 12)

And His Saying:

“[Allah] said, ‘O Iblees, what prevented you from prostrating to that which I created with My hands? Were you arrogant [then], or were you [already] among the haughty?’” (Sâd, 38: 75)

Therefore, we can clearly see on the strength of the Qur’anic passages that the Command of prostration was given to Satan too, and that the Command definitely included him.


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